Flutter Row widget cheat sheet everything you need to know

Row widget in Flutter uses to display the multiples child horizontally. Row widget accepts an array of child and you can add any no of widgets.

But when using a row widget there are some tips you need to remember

  1. Row widget is not a scrollable widget
  2. Row widget cannot have a more widget than it can show in the available room and it consider as an error.

Row widget height

The row will adjust based on the child content and height set based on the children. It does not contain a property to set height directly.

Row add Spacing between children

If you want to add space between child widget inside a row there are multiples ways to do that

You Can simply add a SizedBox to add space between widgets.

    
    Row(
        children: [
                      Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.red),
                      SizedBox(width: 20,),
                      Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.green)
                ],
          )
    
flutter row widget

Another thing you can do is add Spacer widget between the two widgets. Then it will take all the available space and align other widgets to the left corner and right corner

    
    Row(
      children: [
                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.red),
                Spacer(),
                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.green)
              ],
        )
    
flutter row widget

Add background color to Row

There is no direct property to set the background colour to Row widget. But you can wrap row inside a Container and add a background colour to the container

    
    Container(
        color: Colors.black,
        child: Row(
            children: [
                                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.red),
                                SizedBox(width: 20),
                                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.green)
                    ],
                ),
          )
    

Change width of the row

Row normally takes available space and we can control that by wrapping inside a Container or SizedBox widget. You can wrap the Row inside the Container and add width to the container. Then the Row will take the same width as a Container

    
   Container(
            width: 350,
            color: Colors.white,
            child: Row(
              children: [
                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.red),
                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.blue)
              ],
            ),
          )
    
flutter row widget

Handle row overflow issue

If you added a widget which can’t fit into the current frame, it will show an error with the yellow strip by saying overflow. This happens because the row widget is not a scrollable widget.

There are mainly two solutions for that.

  1. If you need to show all items in a horizontal row you must use ListView instead of Row
  2. If you want to move an item to next row you can use Wrap widget instead of row widget

How to use mainAxisAlignment to align children inside the row

The main axis of the Row widget is x-axis means horizontal way. There are multiple ways to align in the main axis.

MainAxisAlignment.start

Align all children to close to the start of the main Axis. This start position identify based on the text direction. If you set textDirection to TextDirection.rtl it will consider start position as right instead of left.

    
  Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.start,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                      ],
        )
    
flutter row widget
MainAxisAlignment.end

Align all children to end of the main axis. End position identifies base on textDirection.

    
    Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.end,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                      ],
        ),
      )
    
flutter row widget
MainAxisAlignment.spaceAround

Place space evenly between the children and also half of the space before and after the first and the last child

    
    Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceAround,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                 ],
        )
    
flutter row widget
MainAxisAlignment.spaceBetween

Place free space evenly between the children.

    
    Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceBetween,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
              ],
        )
    
flutter row widget
MainAxisAlignment.spaceEvenly

Place space evenly between the children as well as space before and after the first and last child

    
    Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceEvenly,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                  ],
        )
    
flutter row widget

What is Cross Axis of Row widget and How to align in Cross Axis?

In the Row widget vertical direction consider as the cross axis. There are multiple properties available to align in Cross Axis.

CrossAxisAlignment.start

This will place the children with their start edge align with the start of the cross axis. verticalDirection property can use to specify the direction whether from down to top or top to down

    
  Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
          verticalDirection: VerticalDirection.down, //start from top and lay to bottom
          children: [
            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
             Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
          ],
        )
    
flutter row cross axis alignment
CrossAxisAlignment.end

This will place the children to the end of the cross axis.

    
   Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.end,
            children: [
                                Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                                 Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                              ],
        )
    
flutter row cross axis alignment
CrossAxisAlignment.center

This will place the children to align their center to the middle of cross axis

    
   Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.center,
          children: [
            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
             Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
          ],
        ),
      )
    
flutter row cross axis alignment
CrossAxisAlignment.baseline

Place children alone cross axis to match baseline. When you use baseline you has to set textBaseline property also.

    
   Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.baseline,
          textBaseline: TextBaseline.alphabetic,
          children: [
            Text("Hello1",style: TextStyle(fontSize: 80,color: Colors.green,decoration: TextDecoration.underline),),
            Text("Hello2",style: TextStyle(fontSize: 30,color: Colors.amber,decoration: TextDecoration.underline))
          ],
        )
    
flutter baseline
CrossAxisAlignment.stretch

Required child to fill the cross axis.

flutter row cross axis alignment
    
   Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.stretch,
          children: [
                             Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                             Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                      ],
        )
    

Conclusion

I hope you get a better idea about row widget and how to use each property. If you have any question please comment down below

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